Banaskantha

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Map of Banaskantha

banaskantha.jpg Country = India
State = Gujarat
District = Banaskantha
Population = 2,504,244 (2001)
District Headquarters = Palanpur
Area = 10,400.16 Sq.Km.
Literacy Rate = 51%
Banaskantha is a district in Northeast of Gujarat state of India.The region is presumably named after the West Banas River which runs through the valley between Mount Abu and Aravalli Range, entering into the plains of Gujarat in this region and flowing towards the Rannof kutch.The administrative headquarters of this district is Palanpur.Banaskantha has a population of 2,504,244 of which 11.00% were urban as of 2001. It covers an area of 10,751 sq.km.Banaskantha borders with Rajasthan state in the North, Sabarkantha district in East, Kutch district in South and Patan and Mehsana district in the South.In the year 2000 parts of this district were broken off for the formation of Patan district.

History

Banaskantha District is maid up nearest area of river BANAS.Banaskantha borders with Rajasthan state in the North, Sabarkantha district in East, Kutch district in South and Patan and Mehsana district in the South.Banaskantha District includes the area around the Bank of Banas river.The District is situated between 23.33 to 24.45 north latitude and72.15 to 73.87 east longitude. Banaskantha District lies on north-west side of Gujarat State. The District is surrounded by Marwad and Sirohi regions of Rajasthan State in the north, Sabarkantha District in the east, Mehshana District in the south and Patan District in the west.Border of Pakistan touches the desert. Strategically, Banaskantha District is of much importance because of its sensitive borders. Being a border State of Gujarat, Banaskantha's problems demand urgency from military view point more. Banaskantha is a district in the north eastern region of Gujarat. It is named after the West Banas River, which runs through the valley between Mount Abu and the Aravalli Range, finally flowing towards the Rann of Kutch.
The town is most famous for its marble quarries and copper deposits. It also houses one of Gujarat's prestigious universities called Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University. The headquarters of Banaskantha is Palanpur, the origin of the diamond industry in India.

The Gabbar hills close to the Gujarat-Rajasthan border are an important pilgrimage trail and attract lakhs of pilgrims from the two states. The popular folk dance Garba is said to have originated here. The word Garba is derived from the word garbha deep, meaning a lamp inside a perforated earthen pot. Since this dance was performed at the hill at Ambaji, it was called Garbhar hill and subsequently as Gabbar.

The Ambaji temple located at the foot of the Aravalli Mountains and at the mouth of the Saraswati River is a revered place. The original abode of the goddess Ambaji is considered to be on top of the Gabbar hills. It is believed to be the place where Goddess Sati's heart fell while Lord Shiva was carrying her burning body from the sacrificial fire of Daksha's yagna. The temple is considered a major Shakti Peeth of India and a large number of devotees throng here every year especially on Purnima (full moon) days. A large mela is also held here on Bhadarvi Poornima. Another important pilgrimage centre is Sri Desa Teerth in Juna Deesa village, a sacrosanct place for the Jains. Dhima is another religious spot which has the Shamlaji Temple that is very crowded on Poornima days.
The Jami Masjid, located at Malan in the Palanpur district is an important historical place. Built during the Sultanate period by Sultan Ahmed Shah in 1423 A.D, the stately mosque stands on a high pedestal with 260 pillars supporting 15 domes.The region has lots of religious festivals and celebrations and plenty of local handicrafts produced in the nearby villages.

General Information of Banaskantha

Following information is declared by using this link

Name
Information
Taluka Palanpur,Deodar,Bhabar,Deesa,Tharad,Vav,Danta

Amirgtha,Dhnera,Kankarej,Vadgam,Dantivada

Total Villages     1250
Total Twons       6
Census Woman   =1287374
Man        =1207133
Total       =2502843
Literavy     Woman          -66.91
    Man              - 34.51
Total Percentag =51.29
Geographical Location Longitude: 71.03 to 73.02 East

Latitude: 23.33to 24.25 North

Temperature 45 Centigrade (Maximum)

5 Centigrade (Minimum)

Reway Brodgej length:140K.M

Nerogej length:193K.M

Way rajy

Panchayat Way 5386.432

Rivers Banas,Sipu,Sarswati,Arjuni

Umardsi,Luni,Ladbi

Sacred Corn-Wheat,Rice Millet

Pulse-Moong,Cotton plant,Groundnut

Animals Tiger,Bear,Leopard,Nilgay
Dreesing Man-Turban,Dhoti,Khamish

Woman-Sari,Coli,Caniyo

Metal Plastic,Silika,Glas,Kelside,Beijmetal
Aria Geographical aria:1044081(Hecter)

Agriculture aria:474078(Hecter)

Aria Irrigation aria:472100(Hecter)

Forest aria:110655(Hecter) Grezik leand aria:65230(Hecter)

Geography

Banaskantha is a district in Northeast of Gujarat state of India.Climate of the distt. Is mostly dry, it is desertic in the north-west, and wet in the southern districts due to heavy monsoon season.Banas and Sipu are the biggest river of hte distric.thereare dems on each rivers.apart from this sipu and balaram rivers are its branches. Arjuni river which is worshipped by the people, it comes from the hills of Danta and ambaji and meet sarswati river at moria of vadgam taluka and innovate the name sarswati.There is Dantiwada dem on Banas river,sipu dem on sipu river and mukteshwar dem on sarawati river.Banas and sipu river meet at Bhadath of Deesa distric and become one sipu river includes in Banas river.|-

Climate

There are two types of seasons in the district.(Hot and Dry)summer and winter.summer is full of heat and winter is full full of cold. In the east part of distric there are arvall mountains wlich remains forst inwhich some parts of danta and palanpur are included.

In continuation of earlier work in respect of Surat district, Banaskantha (Gujarat) and Bikaner (Rajasthan)districts were selected in consultation with NAMP for analysis of meteorological parameters and incidence of malaria from predictive value point of view. Month-wise time series analysis of data on temperature, rainfall, P. vivax and P. falciparum cases for a period of seven years (1985-91) including the period of outbreak of malaria were analysed. It was found that in Banaskantha district from 1987 (EL Nino year–drought year), P. falciparum cases were only 131. The cases started increasing from late 1987 and reached to a peak in 1990. The period between 1988 and 1990 was La Nina—colder with high rainfall and the cases in 1989 and 1990 were 20,310 and 23,201 respectively (Fig. 12). The findings illustrate that in EL Nino period malaria is lowest while in La Nina (when rainfall is high) malaria incidence reaches to peak. Further it was found that high rainfall at the threshold of transmission month in a particular year is also important resulting in increase of malaria cases. During the years 1988–1990 when cases started increasing, rainfall in the month of July was also experienced while from 1985–87 there were deficient rains till July. The findings suggest that EL Nino Southern Oscillation, rainfall, etc. may be used for prediction of malaria incidence. Recently a study has been taken up by Malaria Research Centre on the “Impact of climate change on malaria in India” under National Communication Project of Ministry of Environment & Forests for studying vulnerability, assessment and adaptation measures in various sectors due to climatic change.

Economy

The economy of the district is based on agro &

food Processing, tourism, textile and mineral based industries (ceramics)The district ranks 1st in the production of vegetables contributing nearly 17.67% to the total vegetable production of the StateIt is the largest producer of Potatoes and one of the leading producers of Isabgul (Psyllium husk) in the countryTraditionally, the district is known for its food processing industry, specially for vegetable oils and vanaspati Banaskantha is the 3rd largest producer of oil seeds in the State after Junagadh and JamnagarAround 1.18 million (9.6%) of the total tourist inflow in Gujarat, visited Ambaji, the most popular.pilgrimage destination in the State, during the year 2006-2007 The food processing and textiles industries existing in the district for last two decades are driving its economic growth Proposed Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) passing through the Diamond Hub – Palanpur is expected to emerge as the major economic driver of the district.The vast reserves of marble in the district are a great potential for Various support infrastructure projects planned across the proposed DMIC are expected to further boost the economic growth of the region due to the improved intra and inter State connectivity of the district.Gujarat State Petronet Limited (GSPL) has planned to lay Gas pipeline in the district along DMIC, which would further fillip the industrial growth in Banaskantha

Government and Politics

Government is a body which has the authority to make decisions for the governed society on policies affecting the maintenance of order and the achievement of certain societal goals. The power of a government over its citizens varies greatly, depending on the degree to which it is contained by limitations and restraints. Political science is the study of politics. The field of political science is wide, ranging from the study of political parties and elections to that of ideas and ideologies, along with many other topics. Modern political scientists study a wide variety of activities and institutions. Learn more about government and politics from the resources below.

Transportation

Connectivity to Major Cities

Palanpur and Deesa, the two major cities of Banaskantha district are connected to National Capital Delhi and Jaipur, capital of neighboring State of Rajasthan through National Highway (NH) 14 & NH 8

  • Interstate Connectivity

The State Highway 7 connects the district to important cities of Gujarat like Ahmedabad, Patan & Deesa Palanpur is connected to Ambaji (significant pilgrimage) via State Highway No 9 Port Connectivity
The nearest port is Dholera port
The district is also connected to the Kandla port via National Highway 15
Rail

  • Banaskantha is connected to Mumbai-Ahmedabad-

Delhi through a broad gauge with a major railway station at the district headquarter, Palanpur.Other major cities such as Deesa, Deoder,Dhanera and Bhabhar are also connected with the district headquarter via rail link.

Culture and Festivals

Welcome to the festivals part of our website. Below are a list of all of the major festivals that the Hindu religion celebrate during the year along with full descriptions of each festival and a list of key dates for our festivals this year.

Janmashtami Janmashtami, the birthday of Shri Krishna, is celebrated with great splendour. Rows of lights are lit everywhere, Kirtans and Bhajans are sung, sermons are delivered and Krishna is worshipped in his infant form. Krishna is Lord Vishnu's eighth avatar (incarnation) on earth. He is considered to be the Lord's most glorious incarnations. Even saying and remembering His name brings joy because Krishna himself was a manifestation of joy at all levels and in all walks of life. No other God in the Hindu pantheon, or for that matter in any other religion, is associated with so many romantic tales and so fully radiating with all the divine attributes as Krishna Since Krishna lived in luxury throughout his life, Krishna Jayanti is celebrated with pomp and splendor. Plenty of sweets are made. Among these are laddus , chakli, cheedai, kheer, and so on. In addition, plenty of milk products especially butter, which was Krishna’s favourite childhood food, are given in offerings. A wide variety of fruits are also offered. The most common sweets made laddus and kheer.
Maha Shivratri Maha Shivratri falls on the fourteenth day of the dark fortnight of the Hindu calendar month of Magh. (Around January/ February each year. Shivratri is celebrated every month. Mahashivratri once a year on the above date. MahaShivratri translated in English means the Great night of Shiva. It is on this night that he is believed to have performed a special dance. The dancing form of Shiva is called Natraja. In this dance he destroys the Old World so that a New World can be born. It is not the birthday of Lord Shiva. Shiva has no birth or death, like any mortal.
Navratri Navratri or the Festival of Nine Nights from Ashvin Sud 1 to 9 is devoted to the propitiation of Shakti or Divine Mother. She represents prakriti, counterpart of purusha jointly making possible the creation of the world according to the religious ideology of Goddess worship. Such worships were prevalent in India even before the advent of the Aryans, who adopted it as a religious practice. References in vedas and puranas confirm this opinion. The main temples of mother goddess that are visited by multitude of devotees during Navratri are the shaktipithas, of which there are three in Gujarat. It is believed that Lord Vishnu had to cut the body of Sati into pieces to stop the destruction by Shiva who was perturbed by her death. At fifty-two places these pieces fell, the three in Gujarat being; Ambaji in Banaskantha, Bahucharaji in Chunaval and Kalika on Pavagadh hill in Panchmahals.Banaskantha, Bahucharaji in Chunaval and Kalika on Pavagadh hill in Panchmahals
Diwali This Diwali which leads us into Truth and Light is celebrated on a nation-wide scale on Amavasya - the 15th day of the dark fortnight of the Hindu month of Ashwin (October/November)every year. It symbolises that age-old culture of our country which teaches us to vanquish ignorance that subdues humanity and to drive away darkness that engulfs the light of knowledge. Diwali, the festival of lights even to-day in this modern world projects the rich and glorious past of our country and teaches us to uphold the true values of life. The word "Diwali" is the corruption of the Sanskrit word "Deepavali" - Deepa meaning light and Avali, meaning a row. It means a row of lights and indeed illumination forms its main attraction. Every home - lowly or mightly - the hut of the poor or the mansion of the rich - is alit with the orange glow of twinkling diyas-small earthen lamps - to welcome Lakshmi, Goddess of wealth and prosperity. Multi-coloured Rangoli designs, floral decorations and fireworks lend picturesness and grandeur to this festival which heralds joy, mirth and happiness in the ensuring year. Bahucharaji in Chunaval and Kalika on Pavagadh hill in Panchmahals.Banaskantha, Bahucharaji in Chunaval and Kalika on Pavagadh hill in Panchmahals. This festival is essentially religious in nature. It is celebrated with true devotion in the various temples dedicated to the Mother, or Mataji, as she is familiarly called. In some homes, images of the Mother are worshipped in accordance with accepted practice. This is also true of the temples, which usually have a constant stream of visitors from morning to night
Holi Holi in Gujarat is one of the festival that celebrates the vibrant spirit of the Gujarati people. Holi is a festival of color and happiness, and on this day it is a custom to resolve all differences with everybody, including your enemies. The festival, Holi has its origin in the legend of Lord Krishna. Lord Krishna used to take active part in Holi. During this festival, it is also customary to drink buttermilk, as it was the favorite drink of Lord Krishna. On the eve of Holi, a beautiful bonfire is decorated with flowers and fruits. Many people also offer home cooked food or other edibles such as raw mangoes, coconut, corn, toys made up of sugar or khoya (a milk product) to the bonfire as their offerings to the Goddess Holika. It is also a ritual to put a vermilion mark on each other's forehead and hug each other on this day.

Education

Banaskantha district has around 1,983 primary schools, 153 secondary schools, and 56 higher secondary schools.The district has a good network of technical training institutes like ITIs (Industrial Training Institutes), Polytechnic and cottage industry training institutes.The ITIs have an intake capacity of 2,028 students every year and offer courses in engineering.
Educational Institute Number
Primary schools 2227
Secondary schools 338
Higher Secondary schools 97
Private Arts, Commerce, Science, B.Ed & Law Colleges 17
Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) 8
Degree colleges 7
Taknical Highschools 2
Utar biniyadi schools 2
Polytechnic College 1

University

Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University
Sardar Krushinagar is one of the prestigious State Agricultural Universities in India which was the headquarters of erstwhile Gujarat Agricultural University. It is located at approximately 30 km from the Palanpur town in Banaskantha District of Gujarat.
Brief History of Gujarat Agricultural University
Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University

  • Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University is a state university situated in the city of Patan. Also known as HNGU Patan, it has been approved by the University Grant Commission, UGC, and granted B grade by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council, NAAC, New Delhi. Established in 1986, it has been carved out of Gujarat University, Ahmedabad.Educational Streams

The university conducts Bachelors and Masters programs in Arts, Commerce, Home Science & Rural Studies, Management, Law, Science, Education and Pharmacy. Courses in several engineering disciplines as well Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery are also offered by this university. Admissions to all the courses are held on the basis of merit in qualifying examination or admission test. Centre for Indian Diaspora has been set up to take care of the Indians living abroad. The university has proper infrastructural support for research work.
History North Gujarat University was established in 1986 by the Legislative Assembly of Gujarat. The University has been functioning since then and expanding gradually. The territorial authority of the University encompasses the four districts of Gujarat namely, Mehsana, Patan, Banaskantha and Sabarkantha.
Brief Details of Patan University

Places of Interest

The town is most famous for its marble quarries and copper deposits. It also houses one of Gujarat's prestigious universities called Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University. The headquarters of Banaskantha is Palanpur, the origin of the diamond industry in India.

The Gabbar hills close to the Gujarat-Rajasthan border are an important pilgrimage trail and attract lakhs of pilgrims from the two states. The popular folk dance Garba is said to have originated here. The word Garba is derived from the word garbha deep, meaning a lamp inside a perforated earthen pot. Since this dance was performed at the hill at Ambaji, it was called Garbhar hill and subsequently as Gabbar.The Ambaji temple located at the foot of the Aravalli Mountains and at the mouth of the Saraswati River is a revered place. The original abode of the goddess Ambaji is considered to be on top of the Gabbar hills. It is believed to be the place where Goddess Sati's heart fell while Lord Shiva was carrying her burning body from the sacrificial fire of Daksha's yagna. The temple is considered a major Shakti Peeth of India and a large number of devotees throng here every year especially on Purnima (full moon) days. A large mela is also held here on Bhadarvi Poornima.
Another important pilgrimage centre is Sri Desa Teerth in Juna Deesa village, a sacrosanct place for the Jains. Dhima is another religious spot which has the Shamlaji Temple that is very crowded on Poornima days.
The Jami Masjid, located at Malan in the Palanpur district is an important historical place. Built during the Sultanate period by Sultan Ahmed Shah in 1423 A.D, the stately mosque stands on a high pedestal with 260 pillars supporting 15 domes.
The Jami Masjid, located at Malan in the Palanpur district is an important historical place. Built during the Sultanate period by Sultan Ahmed Shah in 1423 A.D, the stately mosque stands on a high pedestal with 260 pillars supporting 15 domes.

  • Banas Dairy of palanpur

The Banaskantha Distt. Cooperative Milk Producers Union Ltd., Palanpur, popularly known as Banas Dairy was founded on 31/1/1969, when Late Shri Galbabhai Patel, Founder Chairman and a well respected Leader, founded this Dairy by consolidating eight village level cooperative milk societies in Vadgam and Palanpur Taluka of the District. The foundation stone was laid down on 14/1/1971 at 122 acres land to set up a dairy plant under the Operation Flood Programme launched by National Dairy Development Board.

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References

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External links

milk deatils of palanpur
Banakntha profile details
Details of banaskntha

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