Map of Banaskantha
|Country = India|
|State = Gujarat|
|District = Banaskantha|
|Population = 2,504,244 (2001)|
|District Headquarters = Palanpur|
|Area = 10,400.16 Sq.Km.|
|Literacy Rate = 51%|
|Banaskantha is a district in Northeast of Gujarat state of India.The region is presumably named after the West Banas River which runs through the valley between Mount Abu and Aravalli Range, entering into the plains of Gujarat in this region and flowing towards the Rannof kutch.The administrative headquarters of this district is Palanpur.Banaskantha has a population of 2,504,244 of which 11.00% were urban as of 2001. It covers an area of 10,751 sq.km.Banaskantha borders with Rajasthan state in the North, Sabarkantha district in East, Kutch district in South and Patan and Mehsana district in the South.In the year 2000 parts of this district were broken off for the formation of Patan district.|
|Banaskantha District is maid up nearest area of river BANAS.Banaskantha borders with Rajasthan state in the North, Sabarkantha district in East, Kutch district in South and Patan and Mehsana district in the South.Banaskantha District includes the area around the Bank of Banas river.The District is situated between 23.33 to 24.45 north latitude and72.15 to 73.87 east longitude. Banaskantha District lies on north-west side of Gujarat State. The District is surrounded by Marwad and Sirohi regions of Rajasthan State in the north, Sabarkantha District in the east, Mehshana District in the south and Patan District in the west.Border of Pakistan touches the desert. Strategically, Banaskantha District is of much importance because of its sensitive borders. Being a border State of Gujarat, Banaskantha's problems demand urgency from military view point more. Banaskantha is a district in the north eastern region of Gujarat. It is named after the West Banas River, which runs through the valley between Mount Abu and the Aravalli Range, finally flowing towards the Rann of Kutch.|
|The town is most famous for its marble quarries and copper deposits. It also houses one of Gujarat's prestigious universities called Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University. The headquarters of Banaskantha is Palanpur, the origin of the diamond industry in India.
The Gabbar hills close to the Gujarat-Rajasthan border are an important pilgrimage trail and attract lakhs of pilgrims from the two states. The popular folk dance Garba is said to have originated here. The word Garba is derived from the word garbha deep, meaning a lamp inside a perforated earthen pot. Since this dance was performed at the hill at Ambaji, it was called Garbhar hill and subsequently as Gabbar.
|The Ambaji temple located at the foot of the Aravalli Mountains and at the mouth of the Saraswati River is a revered place. The original abode of the goddess Ambaji is considered to be on top of the Gabbar hills. It is believed to be the place where Goddess Sati's heart fell while Lord Shiva was carrying her burning body from the sacrificial fire of Daksha's yagna. The temple is considered a major Shakti Peeth of India and a large number of devotees throng here every year especially on Purnima (full moon) days. A large mela is also held here on Bhadarvi Poornima. Another important pilgrimage centre is Sri Desa Teerth in Juna Deesa village, a sacrosanct place for the Jains. Dhima is another religious spot which has the Shamlaji Temple that is very crowded on Poornima days.|
|The Jami Masjid, located at Malan in the Palanpur district is an important historical place. Built during the Sultanate period by Sultan Ahmed Shah in 1423 A.D, the stately mosque stands on a high pedestal with 260 pillars supporting 15 domes.The region has lots of religious festivals and celebrations and plenty of local handicrafts produced in the nearby villages.|
General Information of Banaskantha
|Literavy|| Woman -66.91|
Man - 34.51
Total Percentag =51.29
|Geographical Location||Longitude: 71.03 to 73.02 East
Latitude: 23.33to 24.25 North
|Temperature||45 Centigrade (Maximum)
5 Centigrade (Minimum)
Panchayat Way 5386.432
|Sacred|| Corn-Wheat,Rice Millet
Forest aria:110655(Hecter) Grezik leand aria:65230(Hecter)
|Banaskantha is a district in Northeast of Gujarat state of India.Climate of the distt. Is mostly dry, it is desertic in the north-west, and wet in the southern districts due to heavy monsoon season.Banas and Sipu are the biggest river of hte distric.thereare dems on each rivers.apart from this sipu and balaram rivers are its branches. Arjuni river which is worshipped by the people, it comes from the hills of Danta and ambaji and meet sarswati river at moria of vadgam taluka and innovate the name sarswati.There is Dantiwada dem on Banas river,sipu dem on sipu river and mukteshwar dem on sarawati river.Banas and sipu river meet at Bhadath of Deesa distric and become one sipu river includes in Banas river.|-|
|There are two types of seasons in the district.(Hot and Dry)summer and winter.summer is full of heat and winter is full full of cold. In the east part of distric there are arvall mountains wlich remains forst inwhich some parts of danta and palanpur are included.
In continuation of earlier work in respect of Surat district, Banaskantha (Gujarat) and Bikaner (Rajasthan)districts were selected in consultation with NAMP for analysis of meteorological parameters and incidence of malaria from predictive value point of view. Month-wise time series analysis of data on temperature, rainfall, P. vivax and P. falciparum cases for a period of seven years (1985-91) including the period of outbreak of malaria were analysed. It was found that in Banaskantha district from 1987 (EL Nino year–drought year), P. falciparum cases were only 131. The cases started increasing from late 1987 and reached to a peak in 1990. The period between 1988 and 1990 was La Nina—colder with high rainfall and the cases in 1989 and 1990 were 20,310 and 23,201 respectively (Fig. 12). The findings illustrate that in EL Nino period malaria is lowest while in La Nina (when rainfall is high) malaria incidence reaches to peak. Further it was found that high rainfall at the threshold of transmission month in a particular year is also important resulting in increase of malaria cases. During the years 1988–1990 when cases started increasing, rainfall in the month of July was also experienced while from 1985–87 there were deficient rains till July. The findings suggest that EL Nino Southern Oscillation, rainfall, etc. may be used for prediction of malaria incidence. Recently a study has been taken up by Malaria Research Centre on the “Impact of climate change on malaria in India” under National Communication Project of Ministry of Environment & Forests for studying vulnerability, assessment and adaptation measures in various sectors due to climatic change.
|The economy of the district is based on agro &
food Processing, tourism, textile and mineral based industries (ceramics)The district ranks 1st in the production of vegetables contributing nearly 17.67% to the total vegetable production of the StateIt is the largest producer of Potatoes and one of the leading producers of Isabgul (Psyllium husk) in the countryTraditionally, the district is known for its food processing industry, specially for vegetable oils and vanaspati Banaskantha is the 3rd largest producer of oil seeds in the State after Junagadh and JamnagarAround 1.18 million (9.6%) of the total tourist inflow in Gujarat, visited Ambaji, the most popular.pilgrimage destination in the State, during the year 2006-2007 The food processing and textiles industries existing in the district for last two decades are driving its economic growth Proposed Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) passing through the Diamond Hub – Palanpur is expected to emerge as the major economic driver of the district.The vast reserves of marble in the district are a great potential for Various support infrastructure projects planned across the proposed DMIC are expected to further boost the economic growth of the region due to the improved intra and inter State connectivity of the district.Gujarat State Petronet Limited (GSPL) has planned to lay Gas pipeline in the district along DMIC, which would further fillip the industrial growth in Banaskantha
Government and Politics
|Government is a body which has the authority to make decisions for the governed society on policies affecting the maintenance of order and the achievement of certain societal goals. The power of a government over its citizens varies greatly, depending on the degree to which it is contained by limitations and restraints. Political science is the study of politics. The field of political science is wide, ranging from the study of political parties and elections to that of ideas and ideologies, along with many other topics. Modern political scientists study a wide variety of activities and institutions. Learn more about government and politics from the resources below.|
|Connectivity to Major Cities|
Palanpur and Deesa, the two major cities of
Banaskantha district are connected to
National Capital Delhi and Jaipur, capital of
neighboring State of Rajasthan through
National Highway (NH) 14 & NH 8
The State Highway 7 connects the district to
important cities of Gujarat like Ahmedabad,
Patan & Deesa
Palanpur is connected to Ambaji (significant
pilgrimage) via State Highway No 9
Delhi through a broad gauge with a major railway station at the district headquarter, Palanpur.Other major cities such as Deesa, Deoder,Dhanera and Bhabhar are also connected with the district headquarter via rail link.
Culture and Festivals
|Welcome to the festivals part of our website. Below are a list of all of the major festivals that the Hindu religion celebrate during the year along with full descriptions of each festival and a list of key dates for our festivals this year.|
Janmashtami, the birthday of Shri Krishna, is celebrated with great splendour. Rows of lights are lit everywhere, Kirtans and Bhajans are sung, sermons are delivered and Krishna is worshipped in his infant form.
Krishna is Lord Vishnu's eighth avatar (incarnation) on earth. He is considered to be the Lord's most glorious incarnations. Even saying and remembering His name brings joy because Krishna himself was a manifestation of joy at all levels and in all walks of life. No other God in the Hindu pantheon, or for that matter in any other religion, is associated with so many romantic tales and so fully radiating with all the divine attributes as Krishna
Since Krishna lived in luxury throughout his life, Krishna Jayanti is celebrated with pomp and splendor. Plenty of sweets are made. Among these are laddus , chakli, cheedai, kheer, and so on. In addition, plenty of milk products especially butter, which was Krishna’s favourite childhood food, are given in offerings. A wide variety of fruits are also offered. The most common sweets made laddus and kheer.
|Banaskantha district has around 1,983 primary schools, 153 secondary schools, and 56 higher secondary schools.The district has a good network of technical training institutes like ITIs (Industrial Training Institutes), Polytechnic and cottage industry training institutes.The ITIs have an intake capacity of 2,028 students every year and offer courses in engineering.|
|Higher Secondary schools||97|
|Private Arts, Commerce, Science, B.Ed & Law Colleges||17|
|Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs)||8|
|Utar biniyadi schools||2|
Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University
Sardar Krushinagar is one of the prestigious State Agricultural Universities in India which was the headquarters of erstwhile Gujarat Agricultural University. It is located at approximately 30 km from the Palanpur town in Banaskantha District of Gujarat.
Brief History of Gujarat Agricultural University
Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University
- Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University is a state university situated in the city of Patan. Also known as HNGU Patan, it has been approved by the University Grant Commission, UGC, and granted B grade by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council, NAAC, New Delhi. Established in 1986, it has been carved out of Gujarat University, Ahmedabad.Educational Streams
The university conducts Bachelors and Masters programs in Arts, Commerce, Home Science & Rural Studies, Management, Law, Science, Education and Pharmacy. Courses in several engineering disciplines as well Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery are also offered by this university. Admissions to all the courses are held on the basis of merit in qualifying examination or admission test. Centre for Indian Diaspora has been set up to take care of the Indians living abroad. The university has proper infrastructural support for research work.
History North Gujarat University was established in 1986 by the Legislative Assembly of Gujarat. The University has been functioning since then and expanding gradually. The territorial authority of the University encompasses the four districts of Gujarat namely, Mehsana, Patan, Banaskantha and Sabarkantha.
Brief Details of Patan University
Places of Interest
|The town is most famous for its marble quarries and copper deposits. It also houses one of Gujarat's prestigious universities called Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University. The headquarters of Banaskantha is Palanpur, the origin of the diamond industry in India.|
The Gabbar hills close to the Gujarat-Rajasthan border are an important pilgrimage trail and attract lakhs of pilgrims from the two states. The popular folk dance Garba is said to have originated here. The word Garba is derived from the word garbha deep, meaning a lamp inside a perforated earthen pot. Since this dance was performed at the hill at Ambaji, it was called Garbhar hill and subsequently as Gabbar.The Ambaji temple located at the foot of the Aravalli Mountains and at the mouth of the Saraswati River is a revered place. The original abode of the goddess Ambaji is considered to be on top of the Gabbar hills. It is believed to be the place where Goddess Sati's heart fell while Lord Shiva was carrying her burning body from the sacrificial fire of Daksha's yagna. The temple is considered a major Shakti Peeth of India and a large number of devotees throng here every year especially on Purnima (full moon) days. A large mela is also held here on Bhadarvi Poornima.
The Banaskantha Distt. Cooperative Milk Producers Union Ltd., Palanpur, popularly known as Banas Dairy was founded on 31/1/1969, when Late Shri Galbabhai Patel, Founder Chairman and a well respected Leader, founded this Dairy by consolidating eight village level cooperative milk societies in Vadgam and Palanpur Taluka of the District. The foundation stone was laid down on 14/1/1971 at 122 acres land to set up a dairy plant under the Operation Flood Programme launched by National Dairy Development Board.